Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access

Aksum (Axum)
(791 words)

Aksum is a city located in the north of present-day Ethiopia. According to recent archaeological excavations, its origins date back to the second half of the 2nd century BCE, although its name is not attested until the 1st century CE,  when it appears in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. Its greatest period of splendor was between the 1st and 6th centuries CE, when it became the capital of the Axumite kingdom and the major religious center after the adoption of Christianity as the official religion in the mid-4th century CE. Currently, Aksum…

Cite this page
Cabrera Montero, Juan Antonio, “Aksum (Axum)”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2018

▲   Back to top   ▲