Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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In the patristic period, the figure of antichrist becomes the eschatological archenemy of Jesus Christ, whose advent is expected to precede the Parousia. The belief in this figure emerged as part of a gradual process in which various earlier ideas on eschatological opponents merged into one, more or less coherent, scenario (Eschatology).

Jewish Antecedents

Early Jewish writings c…

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Lietaert Peerbolte, Bert Jan, “Antichrist”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 26 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2018

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