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Antioch of Caria, Synods of
(566 words)

Antioch-upon-Maeander, a city of the province of Caria (metropolitan see: Aphrodisias), in the civil diocese of Asia, hosted two Homoiousians synods (Councils/Synods) in 366 and 378 CE.

In Spring 366 CE, a group of Oriental bishops gathered at the Synod of Tyana in Caria (Soz. Hist. eccl. 6.12.2–3). Prompted by a letter from Liberius of Rome (Liberius [Bishop of Rome]), they decided to subscribe the Creed of Nicaea (325 CE) and adopt its controverted adjective ὁμοούσιος/homoousios (“consubstantial”). Sozomen relates that 34 unna…

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Morales, Xavier, “Antioch of Caria, Synods of”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 02 October 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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