Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Baptism
(6,128 words)

Baptism is a central rite of entrance into the Christian church, normally in the early centuries CE observed as an immersion in water accompanied by a confession of faith in Christ (Christ, Jesus, 01: Survey).

The application of water (by sprinkling, pouring, or dipping) for the purpose of ceremonial purity was common in ancient Mediterranean religions. Jewish practice according to rabbinic literature was a full bath, …

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Ferguson, Everett, “Baptism”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 09 December 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7993_EECO_SIM_00000375>
First published online: 2018



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