Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Bible, 02: New Testament
(1,988 words)

The expression New Testament is derived from the words of Jesus in the Vulgate translation of Luke 22:20 (Bible, 11: Vulgate). In establishing the Eucharist/Lord’s Supper, Jesus states: “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you” (Eucharist). The death of Jesus inaugurated a “new covenant” – novum testamentum in the Latin – between God and the people, thus replacing the “old covenant” between God and the Israelites. The C…

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Eastman, David L., “Bible, 02: New Testament”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 02 October 2023 <>
First published online: 2019

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