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Bible, 03: Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha
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The terms “apocrypha” and “pseudepigrapha” have become modern designations applied to biblical and para-biblical writings, but both designations were in use in antiquity already. Jerome and Cyril of Jerusalem labeled a group of Jewish writings “apocrypha,” though it is not clear why. Perhaps these writings were regarded as esoteric in character and for that reason they had to remain “hidden” or “secret.” Perhaps they reflect th…

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Lietaert Peerbolte, Bert Jan, “Bible, 03: Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 23 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2019

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