Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Bible, 09: Targums
(3,993 words)

A Targum is a Jewish, Aramaic translation of a part of the Old Testament (Tanakh) “that combines a highly literal rendering of the original text with material added into the translation in a seamless manner” (Flesher & Chilton, 2011, 36). In most cases, the expansions can be “bracketed out, leaving behind a viable one-to-one rendering of th…

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Staalduine-Sulman, Eveline van, “Bible, 09: Targums”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 27 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2019

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