Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Nearly all the commonplace interactions between early Christians and the birds who flew in ancient skies have disappeared from the historical record. Notable exceptions include the earliest followers of Jesus continuing sacrificial rituals at the Jerusalem Temple (Temple, Jerusalem), the practice of domesticating certain birds, and encounters between birds and Christians in the arena. Birds do, however, appear prominently as figures, symbols, …

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Meyer, Eric Daryl, “Birds”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 01 October 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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