Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Bishop (Episcopos)
(6,232 words)

In many Christian churches (e.g. the Orthodox, Anglican, Lutheran, Roman Catholic and Old Catholic Churches), the word “bishop” indicates a spiritual and religious leader, most often but not always somebody who exercises oversight of a diocese. Dioceses were in the last phase of the Roman Empire larger administrative…

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Koet, Bart J., “Bishop (Episcopos)”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 16 September 2019 <>
First published online: 2018

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