Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Ancient and Jewish Hellenistic philosophy forms an important background for early Christian reflections on the body. Plato insisted that the body is mortal, while the soul, or at least the intellectual soul, is immortal and the true self. In the Timaeus he posited that the intellect (nous), the superior part of the soul, is created by the Demiurge (God the creator), whereas the inferior parts of the soul are produced by minor, “younger” deities. This difference derives from the tenet of theodicy, “Go…

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Ramelli, Ilaria L.E., “Body”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 30 September 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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