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Chronograph of 354
(2,034 words)

The Chronograph of 354 is a compilation produced in late 353 or early 354 CE for an otherwise unknown Roman senator by the name of Valentinus. He employed the well-known calligrapher Furius Dionysius Filocalus to copy the text of his manuscript, and Filocalus probably provided the artist(s) for its many illustrations. There can be no doubt that the result was an expensive deluxe codex that was a treasured family heirloom. Apart from the dedication, nothing in this codex was written specifical…

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Burgess, R.W., “Chronograph of 354”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 03 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2019

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