Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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The codex (from Lat. caudex) is the ancient ancestor of the modern bound book. In antiquity, the overwhelmingly preferred book form for literary texts was the bookroll, until the 4th century CE, when the codex began to be the dominant form. The Greek word βιβλίον/biblion typically refers to a bookroll. From a much earlier point, however, in ancient Christian circles the cod…

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Hurtado, Larry W., “Codex”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 17 September 2019 <>
First published online: 2018

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