Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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“Crucifixion” is a death characterized by four markers: “suspension,” “completed or intended execution,” “with or without a crossbeam,” and “an extended death struggle” (Kuhn, 1982, 679; Samuelsson, 2013, 19, 29, 30; Cook, 2019, 2). Below I will discuss the shape of Roman crosses, a law that …

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Granger Cook, John, “Cross/Crucifixion”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 28 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2018

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