Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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The settlement variously called “Dura” or “Europos” – depending on which empire controlled it at any given time – was founded by the Seleucids in 303 BCE as a medium-sized colony and a crucial crossroads that connected travel and trade along the Euphrates River with the cities to its west. During its Roman era, which lasted almost a hundred years (165–256 CE) before conquest by the Sassa…

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Peppard, Michael, “Dura-Europos”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 30 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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