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Ebionites/Ebionitism
(1,551 words)

Many of the church fathers refer to a group called Ebionites (Gk ’Εβιωναῖοι/ebiōnaioi; Lat. ebionaei, ebionitae, hebionitae). The designation appears to have first been used of a sectarian movement by Irenaeus of Lyon (Haer. 1.26.2) circa 180 CE, as part of a refutation of heresies starting from Simon Magus and culminating with Valentinus. Irenaeus, and several church fathers following him, describe the Ebionites as Christians who observe Jewish customs and, for the most part, reject the virgin birth of Jesus, hol…

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Häkkinen, Sakari, “Ebionites/Ebionitism”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 17 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7993_EECO_SIM_00001009>
First published online: 2019



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