Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access

(1,538 words)

Epictetus was born circa 50 CE in Hierapolis in southern Phrygia, possibly as the son of a slave mother. At an unknown date he moved to Rome, where he became a slave (Slave/Slavery) in the household of Nero’s freedman Epaphroditus. Still a slave, he attended the lectures of the Stoic philosopher Musonius Rufus. When Domitian expelled all philosophers from Rome circa 93 CE, he went to Nicopolis in Epirus, where he founded a school. He is said to have met the …

Cite this page
Boter, Gerard, “Epictetus”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 01 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2018

▲   Back to top   ▲