Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Since the 19th century, the Greek name hetoimasia (or etimasia), literally meaning “preparation,” has been traditionally employed by students of Christian art to describe the iconographic theme of an empty (“prepared”) throne, on or around which are displayed various attributes in different combinations, such as a cross, a mantle, a crown, a gospel book, a scroll sealed with seven seals, a dove, a lamb, and, in 11th-century contexts and later, the instruments of t…

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Parani, Maria G., “Etimasia/Hetoimasia”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 27 September 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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