Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Herod “the Great” (the title is used by Flavius Josephus in Ant. 18.130 to distinguish him from his offspring) was born in Idumea, possibly Maresha, around 73 BCE as the son of the Idumean Antipater and his Nabatean wife Kypros (Shatzman, 2013). Due to their father’s high position in the court of Hyrcanus II, Herod and his older brother Phasael held leading administrative roles early on. As governor of Galilee, his rigid actions against “bandits” led to legal complaints and a trial before the council in Jerusalem, but Hero…

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Eckhardt, Benedikt, “Herod”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 25 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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