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Italy, 01: Origins
(2,149 words)

Our evidence does not tell us precisely when, or where, the first Christians arrived in Italy. They were, according to scholarly consensus, most probably Jewish travelers and merchants, moving along well-established trade routes between Rome and the East, arriving in Italy around a decade after the crucifixion.

With the important exception of Rome, contemporary textual sources ar…

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Heffron, Robert, “Italy, 01: Origins”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 21 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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