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John Arkaph
(1,231 words)

John Arkaph (fl. 330s CE) was the bishop of Memphis in early 4th-century CE Egypt and the successor of Meletius of Lycopolis as the head of the schismatic (Schism/Schismatics) Meletian church. A shadowy and controversial figure, John is remembered primarily as a leading opponent of Athanasius of Alexandria in the years culminating in the latter’s condemnation at the Council of Tyre in 335 CE.

Nothing is known of John’s early life, and none of his own writings survive. The name John of Memphis is first attested in the Breviarium Melitii, the catalogue of Meletian clergy that Meletius subm…

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Gwynn, David M., “John Arkaph”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 25 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2018

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