Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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The story of Jonah (Heb. yônāh, “dove” or “oppressed”) looms large in early Christian literature and iconography. In Matt 12:38–42 and Luke 11:29–32, Jesus calls attention to Jonah in response to the Pharisees and Sadducees, who ask for a sign. The two canonical gospels, however, show a somewhat different approach to the topic. In Matthew, Jonah’s fish is compared to the tomb, and just as the prophet spends three days and…

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Han, Jin H., “Jonah”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 02 October 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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