Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Julian the Apostate
(3,648 words)

Flavius Claudius Julianus (b. 331–d. Jun 26, 363 CE) was the son of Constantius, who was the half brother of Constantine I. Only he and his brother Gallus survived the “Arian” sympathizer Constantius’ massacre of his close relatives and were partly reared at Nicomedia, where their early education was conducted by Bishop Eusebius of Nicomedia and the Scythian eunuch Mardonius. The two brothers were event…

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Simmons, Michael Bland, “Julian the Apostate”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 06 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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