Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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The Luciferians (362–c. 400 CE) were a community of Christians that rigorously adhered to the Nicene Creed (Nicaea) and rejected the clemency granted to many bishops at the Council of Alexandria in 362 CE (Alexandria, 04: Councils of). They were persecuted by other Nicene Christians in the 360s and 370s CE; in 383/384 CE, two Luciferian presbyters delivered an extant petition to Theodosius I, who ordered persecution of them to cease.

Historical Background

In the decades leadin…

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Whiting, Colin M., “Luciferians”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 05 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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