Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Medicine and Health Care
(4,912 words)

Empirical and rational medicine arose in Greece in the 6th century BCE when physicians began to borrow theories of the nature of health and disease from the physiological speculations of pre-Socratic philosophers, who had replaced naturalistic for mythological explanations of the natural world. Perhaps the best-known theory in medicine was the theory of the four humors, borrowed …

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Ferngren, Gary B., “Medicine and Health Care”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 30 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2021

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