Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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The city of Philippi was situated in Macedonia, in the northeast of Greece, about 150 km east of Thessalonica. At the request of the inhabitants of the few small settlements in the area, the Macedonian king Philip II founded a city there in the mid-4th century BCE with protective walls against the frequent raids of Thracians. He named the city after himself. It grew steadily, as the new city walls with its acropolis provided protection against intruders, and the soil around it was very fertile.

After Macedonia was captured by the Romans i…

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Verhoef, Eduard, “Philippi”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2018

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