Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Protevangelium Jacobi
(3,438 words)

The Protevangelium Jacobi is an infancy narrative focusing on the conception, birth, childhood, and early life of Mary, the mother of Jesus (Christ, Jesus, 01: Survey). Extending the birth stories found in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, the Protevangelium has been extremely influential and significant for religious expression in late antique and medieval art, music, and literature, as well as for Christian piety, devotion, and imagination. The text was p…

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Vuong, Lily C., “Protevangelium Jacobi”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 07 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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