Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Q (Quelle)/Two Source Hypothesis
(6,623 words)

On the Two Document hypothesis, the most commonly held hypothesis for resolving the Synoptic Problem, Mark, the shortest of the Synoptic Gospels, is also the earliest and the literary source of Matthew and Luke. Alongside Mark, Matthew and Luke also used a collection of sayings and chriae ascribed to Jesus (and John), a…

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Kloppenborg, J.S., “Q (Quelle)/Two Source Hypothesis”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 23 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2018

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