Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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A schism is a division in the church that produces rival bodies of believers. It should not be confused with a heresy, which is a form of teaching that deviates from a generally accepted orthodoxy, though the two phenomena often overlap. Heretical belief often produces schism, but not all schisms involve questions of doctrine, though there was a strong feeling th…

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Bray, Gerald, “Schism/Schismatics”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 21 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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