Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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The concept of sin (Lat. peccatum; Gk ἁμαρτία/hamartia) has varied through time: it has a history that shows fluctuations regarding the operations of external agents and interior motions of the soul, individual and communal responsibility, inherent predilection, and voluntary acts. This rich matrix of analysis offered many different combinations, without a clear, linear progression of ideas. Rather, possibil…

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Firey, Abigail, “Sin”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 30 November 2023 <>
First published online: 2022

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