Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Even though the ancient world was primarily agrarian, local and interregional trade was widely practiced. In the first centuries of the Common Era, Christians mainly belonged to the middle and lower classes, and included farmers, artisans, and slaves. In due course, (wealthier) merchants and tradesmen must also have joined the church. Tertullian responded to the accusation that those who bear the name o…

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Hengstmengel, Joost W., “Trade”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 27 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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