Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Water, in the Bible
(3,595 words)

Doctrines of the (four) elements or modern scientific conceptions are missing in the Bible, but water was considered a basic part of this world in its heavenly, subterranean, and terrestrial forms and manifold appearances (liquid, ice, dew, steam). It antedated creation (Gen 1:2) and extended – for go…

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Gerstenberger, Erhard S., “Water, in the Bible”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 27 November 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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