Brill's Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online

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The Pentecostal message had been received before the messengers arrived, since as early as 1909 when Spade Regen, a publication by Gerrit Polman, a prominent leader in Dutch Pentecostalism, had been distributed to Dutch speakers abroad including in the Dutch East Indies. The publication and subsequent contact with Polman seemed to have a significant influence on the Dutch speakers. Therefore, an ecumenical prayer group with a Pentecostal influence was started in 1911 in Temanggung, Central Java (van der Laan 2012).

In September 1920, Polman published a request to send missionaries t…

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Kristanto, Rony Chandra, “Indonesia”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online, Edited by: Michael Wilkinson, Connie Au, Jörg Haustein, Todd M. Johnson. Consulted online on 29 May 2023 <>
First published online: 2019
First print edition: 20201204

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