Brill's Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online

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Oneness Pentecostalism
(1,832 words)

Oneness Pentecostalism (OP) is the third stream—next to Holiness and Finished Work Pentecostalism—to emerge from the early-twentieth century Pentecostal revival, the consequence of a schism in 1916 within the newly formed Assemblies of God (AG). Initially called the “New Issue,” the “Oneness” label emerged around 1930, and throughout its history OPs have shared the label “Apostolic” with various Trinitarian Pentecostal groups.

Theologically, OP rejected the doctrine of the Trinity and insisted upon water baptism in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. In al…

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Reed, David and Barba, Lloyd, “Oneness Pentecostalism”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online, Edited by: Michael Wilkinson, Connie Au, Jörg Haustein, Todd M. Johnson. Consulted online on 22 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2019
First print edition: 20201204

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