Brill's Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online

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United States of America
(1,250 words)

The modern Pentecostal movement can be traced to 1900 in Topeka, Kansas, at the assignment given students at a small Holiness Bible school led by Charles Fox Parham. Asked to examine the biblical text to find the evidence of the baptism of the Holy Spirit, the students discovered speaking in tongues. At a worship service on January 1, 1901, one student, Agnes Ozman, became the first modern person to speak in tongues as a result of her search for the baptism of the Holy Spirit. In the months following, Parham offered the Pentecostal baptism evidenced by speaking in tongues at gatherings…

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Melton, John Gordon, “United States of America”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Global Pentecostalism Online, Edited by: Michael Wilkinson, Connie Au, Jörg Haustein, Todd M. Johnson. Consulted online on 08 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2019
First print edition: 20201204

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