Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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Ad Dharm
(4,737 words)

In the 1920s, a new religious movement emerged in the Punjab called Ad Dharm (Original Religion). Though based on religious concepts that are common to the Hindu tradition, the founders were insistent that they were creating a new religion, one free from the prejudices of upper-caste Hinduism. In describing this new religion, the Indian census reports of 1930 describe it as …

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Juergensmeyer, Mark, “Ad Dharm”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 14 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2018

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