Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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Āraṇyakas and Upaniṣads
(10,830 words)

The Āraṇyakas and Upaniṣads are two classes of texts belonging to the Veda, the most authoritative body of sacred scripture within the Hindu tradition. These two kinds of texts follow the fourfold division of the Veda into Ṛgveda…

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Olivelle, Patrick, “Āraṇyakas and Upaniṣads”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 01 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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