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Arumuga Navalar
(5,025 words)

Arumuga Navalar (Āṟumuka Nāvalar, 1822-1879) was the most important religious leader for sustaining the Śaiva Siddhānta traditions in the 19th century among Tamils in the Jaffna Peninsula in the north of Sri Lanka. Navalar’s efforts are often referred to as "Hindu revivalism” (Young & Jebanbesan, 1995) or “Hindu renaissance” (Hudson, 1992), while others have argued that it is more correct to char…

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Jacobsen, Knut A., “Arumuga Navalar”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 23 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2018

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