Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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The classical medical science of India is known as āyurveda, which is a Sanskrit word that means “knowledge (veda) for long life (āyus).” As a recognized Indian knowledge system, āyurveda started to take shape in the early centuries before the Common Era. At this time medical theories and practices were systematized and recorded in the Sanskrit language as formally arranged collections of medical know…

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Cerulli, Anthony, “Āyurveda”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 23 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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