Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(5,923 words)

The name “Bāul” refers to a type of religious minstrel or esoteric practitioner (sādhak) of the Bengali-speaking region of South Asia, that is, West Bengal and Bangladesh. Bāuls are primarily known to others through their beautiful and often enigmatic songs. In theory, people of any religion, class, caste, or gender may become Bāul, but…

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Openshaw, Jeanne, “Bāuls”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 22 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2018

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