Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(9,585 words)

Bihar’s long and complex history is implied in its very name, which is derived from Sanskrit vihāra, or monastery, a name endowed by 13th-century Muslim invaders, who were impressed by all the Buddhist monasteries they came upon. Today the Buddhist heritage survives largely in arc…

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Heinz, Carolyn Brown, “Bihar”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 22 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2018

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