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Brahmo Samaj and Keshub Chandra Sen
(5,478 words)

The Brahmo Samaj is a socioreligious reform organization founded in Calcutta (Kolkata) in 1828 that went on to become a pan-Indian movement with a far-reaching global impact that always outweighed the actual number of its adherents. The Brahmo Samaj (Society of Worshippers of the One True God; Shastri, 1911, 1) is often taken to be the earliest modern Indian movement dedicated to rational and open-minded reflection on religion as well as to the promotion of progressive reform in everything from …

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Hatcher, Brian A., “Brahmo Samaj and Keshub Chandra Sen”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 29 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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