Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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Divine Musical Instruments
(6,434 words)

Evidence of Indian music and musical instruments can be traced to the beginnings of recorded history on the subcontinent, both in the Indus Valley and among the Indo-Aryans who settled into the region by approximately 1500 BCE. Throughout India’s long history, musical instruments have been intertwined with Hindu religious traditions to such an extent that to isolate the purely musicological features would be a disservi…

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Beck, Guy L., “Divine Musical Instruments”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 27 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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