Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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The earliest archaeological evidence of Hindu traditions in Goa dates from the regional dynasties of Bhojas and Mauryas (400–600 CE). Especially well preserved from this period are the man-made rock caves of Arvalem (Bicholim) with aniconic representations of Sūrya and Śiva (Mitterwallner, 1981). During the rule of the Deccan-based dynasties of Chalukyas (600–700 CE) and Shilaharas (800–1000 CE), Gopakapattana (today Velha Goa, Tiswadi) became the new capital of Goa, replacing the ancient Bhoja …

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Henn, Alexander, “Goa”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 29 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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