Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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Gulf Countries
(3,727 words)

Historically, the spread of Hinduism outside India has been associated with conquest, missionary activities, emigration of traders, scholars, religious teachers, and diasporic settlements. There were thus a number of Hinduized colonies in Southeast Asia during the ancient and medieval periods giving rise to the idea of a “Greate…

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Jain and Kundan Kumar, Prakash C., “Gulf Countries”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 25 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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