Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(3,252 words)

All cultures are characterized by medical pluralism, that is, by a situation where multiple forms of healing exist side by side. The health system of South Asia is especially pluralistic, with a wide variety of healers and healing traditions. This is partly due to the sheer number of different communities in the subcontinent: not only its many religions (Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Buddhist, Sikh, Jain, Animist) but also its numerous linguistic groups, regional cultures, castes, classes, and tribe…

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Sax, William, “Healers”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 27 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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