Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(4,913 words)

Hijṛās are defined in India as neither man nor woman, an alternative gender role that largely derives its power and meaning from Hinduism. Hijṛās are born males or, less commonly, hermaphrodites, who become hijṛās by adopting women’s clothing and behavior, and by form…

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Nanda, Serena, “Hijṛās”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 29 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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