Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(4,939 words)

Hijṛās are defined in India as neither man nor woman, an alternative gender role that largely derives its power and meaning from Hinduism. Hijṛās are born males or, less commonly, hermaphrodites, who become hijṛās by adopting women’s clothing and behavior, and …

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Nanda, Serena, “Hijṛās”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 23 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2018

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