Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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Hinduism and Buddhism: Ancient Period
(10,899 words)

Of all the religions that have developed on South Asian soil, Hinduism and Buddhism have been the most often compared and their interrelations the most often studied. The cultural plurality that assumes such interrelation is evidenced already in the earliest Sanskrit literature (1200 BCE onward), but it becomes especially prominent in early Buddhist and Jain literature as well as in the Upaniṣads and then with considerable force in the Sanskrit …

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Bailey, Greg, “Hinduism and Buddhism: Ancient Period”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 14 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2018

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