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Hinduism and Jainism
(10,024 words)

Jainism emerged around the 6th or 5th century BCE in the Gaṅgā basin of eastern India as a non-Brahmanical renunciatory tradition that advocated a strongly ascetic regimen as the means to obtain omniscience and liberation from rebirth. By approximately the 5th century CE the Jain community had bifurcated into two sec…

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Dundas, Paul, “Hinduism and Jainism”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 29 October 2020 <>
First published online: 2018

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