Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(9,269 words)

Modern definitions of intoxication anticipate some of the problems that are encountered in Indian sources, as will become apparent from the following three examples.

According to (1) K. Hoheisel (2004), intoxication is an “increased excitement” (“gesteigerte Erregung”) that is caused either by psychoactive drugs or certain kinds of behavior (e.g. monotonous movements, sexuality, dance). This “increased excitement” makes it possible to reach a superhu…

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Hellwig, Oliver, “Intoxication”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 29 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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