Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(6,692 words)

The phenomena that can be described by the terms jādū or jādūṭona, ṭoṭaka, mūth, tantramantra - that is, magic, sorcery, witchcraft and so forth - are some of the most persistent and pervasive aspects of South Asian cultures. They extend from the earliest vedic texts and, without skipping any historical period, persist even in New Delhi and Mumbai at the present time. Today one can find…

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Glucklich, Ariel, “Jādūgars”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 19 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2018

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